The thyroid nodule is a growth area of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid nodules may be due to:
Nodules can cause symptoms or be asymptomatic. The symptoms that occur do so:
Growing compress neighboring structures, giving hoarseness or difficulty breathing.
If you are producing clinical hyperthyroidism functioning.
In 5% of adults with thyroid nodules can be felt. But the best technique for detection and diagnosis is ultrasound. Keep in mind that thyroid nodules are very common, but thyroid cancer is rare.
In case of being a solitary nodule and young people, the risk of malignancy is higher, so should puncture to obtain a sample and analyze.
In nodules suspected to be benign and do not cause local symptoms enough to make regular monitoring clinical and ultrasound.
Surgery is recommended in the case of thyroid cancer, or when there are doubts about this origin, or when significant accompanying symptoms occur.
There are no preventive measures for cancer or thyroid adenoma, but enough iodine prophylaxis in food, help prevent goiter nodules.
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