Hypothyroidism is an under active state agency for lack of effects of thyroid hormones (T3 and T4).
The frequency of this disease rises with age, being most prevalent in the elderly and in women.
The most common cause is the surgical removal of the thyroid or its suppression by radioactive iodine treatment in cases of hyperthyroidism with it.
Other causes are:
Manifestations due to hypothyroidism affect different tissues and systems of the body:
The suspicion of hyperthyroidism based on symptoms of underactive different body systems will continue to have a blood test to determine thyroid hormones, T3, T4 and TSH. The hormonal alterations characteristic of hyperthyroidism is increased TSH and a decrease or absence of T3 and T4.
To know if an immune disorder is a study of antithyroid antibodies.
Ultrasonography of the thyroid gland and thyroid scintigraphy are useful in assessing thyroid size and see their features, may indicate the origin of hipotirodismo.
Treatment includes the replacement of the lack of thyroid hormones. This treatment involves administering levothyroxine. It should be very strict in terms of the dose to be taken, to avoid excess thyroid hormone blood as may fall in hyperthyroidism.
The most important thing is to ensure intake of sufficient dietary iodine (150 mg / day). In people taking drugs that may alter thyroid hormones, such as treatment with amiodarone or lithium recommended control of thyroid hormones.
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