The determination of the infection occurs in the case of HIV often before the onset of symptoms.Anyone who has come into contact with potentially contaminated material should be, can be a possible infection as soon as possible to test. This is usually only two weeks after possible infection because an early test carried out can mean a negative result despite the existence of infection because the measured components are in short supply in the blood can be found. In certain cases, there is reasonable suspicion, a slightly different test, a so-called PCR , are performed prior to this time, which may provide a result.
Normally through a screening test in blood both components of virus itself, as already formed antibodies discovered. If this test is positive, in addition, a further, somewhat more specific test is performed to confirm to the patient to avoid a falsely positive result. Only then the patient is considered to be HIV-positive . Then, a thorough physical examination to be carried out. Moreover, the number is the T-cells and the HIV virus in the blood.
Although the prognosis for HIV patients is far better than in the past decades, today, it is nonetheless still a lifelong disorder , which is associated with limitations of whole food. Therefore, the prevention of further is infection and the importance of their own protection against infection.
The most important component that prevention is certainly the awareness about the disease itself and the sources of infection . So it is not only the task of health policy , but also by parents and physicians about the importance of the use of condom -protected intercourse to teach. HIV , although it is very easy to protect yourself against it, mainly still sexually transmitted , possibly because of the fact that the fear in society has been greatly reduced thanks to medical advances.
Risk occupational groups, such as doctors , should also use caution when dealing with peaks and surgical devices to be. So it’s important for everyone to be aware of the risk of contagion to be. If, despite all precautions, however, come to contact with potentially infected material, there is the possibility of so-called post-exposure prophylaxis . This is only in the first two days of meaningful contact, and consists of a high -dose ART . This can prevent the onset of infection.