Saying eucalyptus is almost synonymous with winter . Vahos, balms and candies have traditionally been, and remain today, symptomatic relief of colds that often accompany the coldest season of the year. Eucalyptus or eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sp) is a genus of trees in the family Myrtaceae, of which there are over 700 known species, most of which are native to Australia and Tasmania. However, when fast-growing trees and good adaptation, today are scattered around much of the world, exploited in plantations for the paper, timber and chemical mainly.
This tree can easily reach 30 to 60 meters high in some areas and can reach 100 meters. The trunk grows upright and the outer bark of the trunk and branches are easily seen in longitudinal strips. It leaves all year, but are of two types: in young plants or branches sprouting from the strain, grown without petiole (corner), are opposite and oval, which grow on trees grown and the old branches have petiole, alternating grow and pendants, have sickle (sickle) and consistency are sturdy, yet flexible. Both types of company have secretory glands, which look to the light as lighter points. The flowers grow in the axils of the upper branches are large, with the cup and ring connected by a kind of lid that covers the stamens and pistil, which when opened, releases a large number of very showy stamens with filaments light creamy yellow. The fruits are capsules dark blue with a gray top, with three or four cells containing many seeds. It blooms in the fall and winter.
Eucalyptus is a name that comes from the Greek (eu = good and kalyptos = cover), which refers to the capsule that closes the cup in the flower and when opened reveals the stamens and pistil. Globulus means rounded, and can refer to both the flower and the fruit.
The introduction of the medicinal use of eucalyptus in the West is relatively recent, but even their expansion in the eighteenth century was not known outside their home areas. We know, therefore, that the Australian Aborigines used the leaves to cover wounds and prevent infected.
Since its introduction in the world, we have used both the leaves and the essential oil for the treatment of colds, flu and other respiratory disorders due to its antimicrobial, mucolytic, expectorant and anti-inflammatory and decongestant nose.
As shown in the monographs published in several books, one can say that eucalyptus can be used in several ways:
You enter a pot a handful of leaves (average 10 g) and a liter of water. Wait for it to boil. When boiling remove from heat and place the bowl in the room near the person must inhale the steam vapors leaving disseminated in the environment. Another option is to pour the entire contents into a basin or bowl and inhale the vapors directly person, covering his head with a towel to use them better, be careful not to bring too much to the pan head to avoid burns. There are specially designed plastic containers, consisting of a casserole (where waste water and leaves) with a funnel lid (where is aspirated), guinea exact anatomical shape covers mouth and nose.
Ointments and inhalations based essential oil should not be used in children under 3 years without medical advice or asthma, because they could produce bronchospasm. For infants, based balms are other essential oils (eg, balsam fir, black spruce, marjoram, olivardilla,) that they can use.
People with diabetes treatment should control your blood sugar if taken orally eucalyptus (infusions, drops or capsules), since eucalyptus leaves have some action hypoglycemic and could enhance the hypoglycaemic effect.
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