Health education is the most important pillar in the prevention of dental caries. A good instrument for the transmission and penetration of health education are children. Awareness among children of the great importance of dental care for their health, they help adults, continue watching your mouth and your future children. Parents can also learn these healthy habits through their children. The oral health habits are caused by lack of information.
Oral hygiene must be directed to the control and removal of plaque by mechanical and / or chemical. This dental hygiene should be based on tooth brushing, flossing or floss and all means necessary complementary minors. Elimination and plaque control by mechanical methods
As stated above, the enamel demineralization occurs by the existence of an acidic medium after ingestion.The intakes after brushing removes dental plaque, and balances the pH oral removes food. We should brush your teeth after each intake, if not possible we recommend be done after the main intakes, three times a day. Regarding the techniques, the techniques described are correct if done correctly, but the consensus at the international dental societies is that the modified Bass technique is ideal. Brushing of children must always be done by the parents until the child demonstrates sufficient skill to do it alone. Children can help in brushing once parents have completed brushing. The use of electric toothbrush does not improve the results of manual brushing and are suitable for people with dexterity difficulties.
The flossing is a perfect complement to brushing to remove food debris between teeth. The use of thread or floss requires some training. Using this method would be advisable after large intakes but at least it will be acceptable for use at night. Interdental brushes are also used to remove food debris can get by your standard design where the brush can not enter.
Elimination and control of bacterial plaque by chemical
Mouthwash use may be indicated in patients who fail to achieve the desired results with mechanical methods.The use must be prescribed by a dentist because they have effects on the normal bacterial flora of the mouth and dentinal tissue stains may produce some.
The type of diet significantly influences the production of caries. For strong teeth are good nutrition is important. A diet without excess refined carbohydrates (sugar) and contain vitamins and minerals, especially calcium, is more desirable to maintain a healthy mouth. It is therefore recommended not to abuse sugar foods (sweets, pastries, candy, sugary drinks …) trying to reduce the frequency of consumption of these foods and are taken only during meals. Foods rich in vitamins, minerals and calcium are dairy products, vegetables and fruits.
You should avoid eating between meals, because food debris between the teeth remain until they brush, thus promoting the development of caries. Decrease consumption of sugar and a balanced diet helps reduce the risk of decay Reduce intake sugary drinks, concentrated juices change for natural juices are other recommended measures. Changing the frequency of use is even more important than quantity.
The use of fluoride prevents the occurrence of caries metabolism interfering reducing bacteria pathogenic role. The presence of fluorine facilitates the incorporation of calcium to hard tissues of the tooth and its remineralization.
There are several commercial presentations of fluoride from toothpastes, mouthwashes, gels, pills or varnishes. Some of these presentations are for professional use and are administered under the supervision of a dentist in consultation. In some urban areas drinking water is fluorinated.
Sealing of pits and fissures is a widespread prevention technique in dentistry today. The modification of the anatomical areas of the face more retentive masticatory teeth pits and fissures, using various techniques and materials, has been one of the main preventive measures used to combat caries in children with special trend suffer them.
The dentist is who should convey and reinforce health education regarding mouth. Riding in brushing techniques, flossing, reinforcing positive attitudes in diet and hygiene. Monitor the health of your mouth and mouth development in children, acting as necessary to correct situations that endanger this health
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