Ayurveda is the science of life and longevity. Ayu means life and Veda means knowledge.
Ayurveda is a holistic medical system, treats the body as an integral whole, composed of mind, body and soul. The mind and body are closely linked and their relationship is the foundation of health. Continuously been practiced in Asia for over 4,000 years. It applies in all fields of medicine and is itself considered a medicine in the East.
The most important thing is not the pathology Ayurveda itself but the cause. The Ayurveda therapist emphasizes internal factors behind the disease, studying the factors that have made the disease has manifested. Ayurveda For if the biological humors called Vata, Pitta, Kapha are in equilibrium, the disease is not present.
One of the fundamental principles of Ayurveda is that the universe is the macrocosm and man is the microcosm. Everything in the macrocosm (universe) is in the microcosm (man).
The basic constituents that exist in the universe – man are five elements: Ether (Akash), Air (Vayu), Fire (Agni), Water (Jala or Apa) Earth (Prithvi).
These five elements are represented in our body through of the three biological humors or doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These three doshas act both physically, mentally.
It is very important that the five elements are in balance. Excess ether can cause osteoporosis or a decrease of this element may cause hypertrophy. Excess air can tachycardia and decreased produce paralysis eg.Excessive heat can cause fever, for example, or a decrease of fire can cause anemia. Excess water may cause edema, pleural and reduced dehydration this element. Excess land can produce tumors, obesity and decrease deformities.
To maintain health and prevent disease, Ayurveda therapist considers the constitution of each person, diet, or massage oleation, age, season of the year, the daily routine.
The constitution of a person (Prakruti) are determined at the time of conception and depending on the dominant element (dosha), the person has specific characteristics physical, physiological and psychological.
Diet to follow a good diet has to take into account the cycles of nature, ie, stations and eating foods that correspond to each station. We also need to consider your age and whether we have any dosha balance, we have to eat foods that help us regain balance and keep.
The basis of Ayurveda diet are cereals, legumes, vegetables, fruits, and always accompanied by species and infusions.
oiling. Oleation Two types: internal and external.
The inmate is taking oily substances to nourish our bodies. The outer body is applied to oily substances, massage along lifetime. The substances used are ghee, sesame oil or oils pathology when medicated with plants.
Become oleation is good for the skin, eyes, reduces pain in the body, improves muscle tone, improves memory and intellect. Help to increase Agni.
Different types of oleaciones: Abhyanga (whole body), Shirobhyanga (in the head), Padabhyanga (in feet), Kati Basti (back), etc.
There oleaciones according to pathology or imbalance of the doshas: Karnapooran: prevents deafness, stiff neck and jaw, tinnitus. Netra Basti: dry eye. Shirodhara: migraines, depression, stress, insomnia. Saunas medicated steam plants, application of herbal masks, etc.
We perceive that we are healthy and when we balance both physically (we feel good, no pain, energy and good appetite), mental level (our memory and power of concentration is optimal) and spiritual level (we are in peace) .